are structured not only in lenght, but also in difficulty and complexity.
The three short forms and the first four long forms were completely developed
by Ed Parker, while from the six on developement was due to some of the
most advanced students, with Parker still alive.
It's curious to observe that while kenpo karate means
"the law of the fist and empty hand", the last two forms are respectively
performed with sticks and knife.
Before performing them and in the end you have to do a
formal salutation, a bit longer than
the regular one. Some schools begin from a horse stance, but in mine we
start from attention stance.
Short one: Blocks while retreating. It draws a sum
Short two: Blocks and counters advancing. It draws
a star shape (*) as it introduces movements in the diagonals.
Short three: The first of the forms that consist in
a chain of the programme techniques against hugs, grabs and holds.
Long one: Blocks retreating with straight counters.
It's an amplification of short one.
Long two: Same as above, but being an amplification
of short two.
Long three: It works grabs and holds, but the attacks
come from both sides this time.
Long four: The longest and more complex of the forms.
Long five: The chain of techniques includes sweepings/takedowns
and work against opponents in the floor.
Long six: Includes techniques of defense against weapons.
Long seven: It works with two short sticks. Salutation
is adapted to this circumstance.
Long eight: Done with two knifes/daggers.
You can find descriptions of the forms and sets in Michael
Billing's and Brian's
site and some quite good info on how to perform them and common mistakes
in Collado's site.
Blocking set: Contrary to forms, it's completely static
and it's done in a horse stance.
Tiger in tension: With a
clear chinese influence. It isn't taught in many schools nowadays.
Vital points or finger set: With one opponent in front
of us and one behind.
Kicking set: concatenation of four different kicks
drawing a square.